Joseph Stalin and the NKVD

Posted: February 17, 2011 in Stalin and His Secret Police

Joseph Stalin, who’s title was the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union’s Central Committee, ran the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death in 1953. Joseph Stalin was one of the most murderous dictators in history. Stalin’s crimes are comparable to Hitler but less widely recognized due to the poor documentation and records kept by the Soviet Union. During the Nuremberg trials, where many leading Nazis were tried for crimes committed during World War II, Stalin and his officers were spared trial due to an agreement with the Allied Powers.  Stalin was notorious for executing anyone who spoke against him or communism, and quickly rid his country of his political enemies and threats, the victims of Katyn being some of the many.

The People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs, or the  NKVD, was the secret communist police under order of Joseph Stalin, who were responsible for security and law enforcement. It conducted mass executions, ran forced labor camps, suppressed underground resistance, conducted mass deportations of entire groups and nationalities and conducted espionage and political assassinations around the world. The NKVD were responsible for carrying out the execution at Katyn and the handling of the officers, intellectuals and civil servants prior to massacre.

Uniform of a NKVD officer.

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